Work Group 3 - Life Science and Health
Major photonics needs
Detailed investigation, employing more advanced diagnostic methods to locate and precisely evaluate the origin of the disease, would then be undertaken if the screening returned a positive result for one of the disease parameters. Improved diagnostic and interventional methods will be developed, based on improved multi-band (X-ray, Ultraviolet, Visible, Near/Mid/Far IR, Terahertz) photonics, spectroscopic and endoscopic devices. These should provide more reliable and precise examinations than current ‘gold standard’ methods, without increasing examination costs or duration. An illustrative example is provided by the diagnosis of bowel cancer, where the established procedure (white-light colonoscopy) is neither precise nor sensitive enough to detect all cancerous lesions, and is considered too invasive a screening tool for the majority of the population. Improved screening should therefore indicate where further diagnostics was necessary, and improved diagnostics could precisely locate and analyse the disease, before therapeutic measures were initiated. These could incorporate multi-band photonics techniques to provide safer, personalised treatment methods, tailored for specific therapy and treatment monitoring.
In addition to their use for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, multi-band photonics methods could also provide preventative tools, for example, offering analytical methods to monitor and evaluate water and food with regard to quality and potential microbial contaminations. The methods that would be employed for this could be essentially the same as used for advanced screening, perhaps with minor adaptations for the specific target. There is considerable synergy with the sensing requirements for Work Group 5 Security, Metrology and Sensors, and it is therefore anticipated that there will be common solutions, making close collaboration in this field highly beneficial.
The detailed Photonics21 Work Group 3 photonics research and innovation priorities are outlined if you download the photonics roadmap.
You will find the Work Group 3 research and innovation priorities for Horizon 2020 Work programme 2016/2017 in the section Photonics PPP - research and innovation priorities.
Information and presentations of the Work Group 3 workshops can be found in the Photonics21 member area.